Abstracts

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 
1500تومان

The Fundamental Principles
of the Scientific Philosophy of Political Interpretation

 

Mohammad Abedi / Assistant Professor and Faculty Member of the Department of Quran and Hadith Studies, Islamic Culture and Thought Research Center                                                            abedi.mehr@yahoo.com

Received: 2017/08/15 - Accepted: 2017/12/13

 

Abstract

Political interpretation is a part of the Islamic humanities. No considerable effort has been made so far to organize this subject and many questions have been raised about it. One of the questions raised in this regard is about whether or not there are certain principles and rules for making interpretations by using a political approach and what they are. First the “basic principles of the scientific philosophy of political interpretaion", and then the scientific principles are established to finally draw up the rules of political interpretation. With regard to the first step, this paper holds that the basic principles of the scientific philosophy of the political interpretation of the Qur'an can be laid down. A descriptive and analytical method is used for conducting this research and a library-based method is used for collecting the data.

 

Key words: principles of interpretation, philosophy of science, political interpretation, the philosophy of political interpretation.


Monism and Pluralism in Transcendent Political Philosophy

 

Mehdi Ghorbani / PhD of Political Sciences, IKI                           mqorbani60@yahoo.com

Received: 2017/04/04 - Accepted: 2017/08/11

 

Abstract

Monism and pluralism are among the important issues in the history of political philosophy, and the tendency of political philosophers towards any of them can affect all the aspects of their political philosophy. Throughout history, political philosophers have presented various different views on these two issues. Sadr al-Muta’llehinn’s position in the history of Islamic philosophy urges us to examine this issue in the transcendent philosophy. Political philosophers sometimes adopt an extreme approach to monism and pluralism and sometimes, however, they take a moderate position moderation, which is referred to as moderate monism and pluralism. The proponents of extreme approach to monism deny plurality and the supporters of extreme plurality deny monism, whereas adopting a moderate approach strikes a balance between monism and plurality in the political arena. Sadr al-Muta’hellin adopts a moderate approach to monism and pluralism and emphasizes on the necessity of either of them in political life. Sadr al-Muta’hellin’s approach is based on his principles in existence, man and finality, and stresses the necessity of paying attention to monism and plurality simultaneously. When we review the components of monism and pluralism in transcendent political philosophy, we notice that the moderate approach which he adopts is quite evident and he tries to strike a balance between the components of extreme monism and pluralism.

 

Key words: monism, pluralism, moderate monism and pluralism, transcendent political philosophy.


A Comparative Study of the Capability of the Political Explanation of Institutionalist Approach and Nature-based Approach
(Transcendent Policy)

 

Mojtaba Zare’i / Assistant Professor of the Political Thoughts of Islam, Tarbiat Modarres University           zare6565@yahoo.com

Received: 2017/03/30 - Accepted: 2017/09/19

 

Abstract

The approach of institutionalism is considered one of the important approaches to political thought, which, in addition to its explanatory ability, is considered one of the most long-standing explanatory methods of political thought. This approach can be classified into two types: old institutionalism and new institutionalism. The simultaneous study of the history of the development process of the institutionalist approach involves a study of the history of political thought. The political nature-oriented approach can also be defined as the formulation of a policy based on the implications of the principles of Islam. The results of the comparison between institutionalist approach and naturalistic political approach shows the explanatory power of the political nature-oriented approach and highlights the theoretical flaws of institutionalism. An analytical, interpretive and comparative method is used in this research.

 

Key words: institutionalism, nature-based political thought, political issue, ethics.


Resource-based Management
Paradigm
as a Necessity for the Internal Organization
of the Government System of the Islamic Republic of Iran

 

Mohammad Mobini / Assistant Professor, Faculty of International Studies, Imam Hossein University          mobini20@yahoo.com

Received: 2016/07/24 - Accepted: 2016/12/14

 

Abstract

Today, the world is neither under our control nor predictable; since the cause, intensity and direction of changes are unclear, we can neither expect actions and measures to be taken, nor can we be indifferent. Therefore, it is not possible in the current situation to adopt an environment-based approach for the country and it will be sensible to focus on a "resource-based strategy”. The purpose of this research is to see to what extent it is necessary to use a "resource-based paradigm" in the internal organization of the system. "Resource-based paradigm" is the theoretical framework of this research. Fuzzy Delphi method was used and 13 experts were consulted to qualitatively conduct this research. After three rounds of opinion polls, the components and indices of the internal organization of the government system of the Islamic Republic of Iran were identified. The research results show that in the field of economy, resistance economy, in the area of social systems, social solidarity, in the field of politics, policy coherence and in the field of technology, not depending on foregin aid constitute the main components of the internal organization of the system.

 

Key words: resource-based paradigm, internal organization of system, resistance economics, social solidarity.


The Capacities of Wilaei-Jihadi
Education for the Creation of Islamic Civilization

 

Sayed Ahmad Rahnemaei / Associate Professor of Educational Sciences, IKI

Received: 2016/12/21 - Accepted: 2017/05/19                                    rahnama@qabas.net

 

Abstract

This study examines the special capacities of wilaei-jihadi education for the creation of Islamic civilization. The main question of this paper is: what are the spiritual, religious, political, legal, cultural and social capacities of wilayei-jihadi education, on a national scale and transnational scale, for creating a universal civilization? Using a descriptive-analytical method, this paper offers an answer to this question by demonstrating the synergistic relationship between jihadi and wilayei spirit and the combined role of these two factors in preparing the ground for the creation of Islamic civilization. In this regard, this paper refers to the prominent role of the Islamic Revolution he country the region, and the East and West, which represents part of the capacities of wilaei- jihadi education, to demonstrate the capabilities, competencies and effects of this type of education and the international role it plays in the realization of Islamic civilization. Wilayei- Jihadi education has a leading, progressive and direction-setting educational role; it has a bright prospect, which not only falls whithin the scope of the Islamic Revolution and the aspirations of the great founder of the Revolution, but can also contribute to accomploishing the lofty goals and ideals of the Islamic system within the scope of Islamic civilization

 

Keywords: wilayei-Jihadi education, educational capacity, Islamic civilization, the synergic relationship between wilayei and Jihadi spirit.


Kargozaran Party; in Theory and Practice

 

Qasim Ravanbakhsh / P.hd IKI                                                                   qravanbakhsh@chmail.ir

Received: 2017/01/18 - Accepted: 2017/06/28

 

Abstract

The political trends in the Islamic Republic of Iran can be classified into three kinds: Islamic, secular, and eclectic divisions. As a political trend, Kargozaran which came under the influence of the centers of power in the second decade of the Revolution is an eclectic group whose thoughts are based on secularism. This trend holds that Islam does not have an administrative structure and that it has to be borrowed from liberalism. The ideological principles of Kargozaran are: underestimating religion, relativism, scientism and empiricism, authentication of fighting and opposing the idea of ijtihad. These indicators clearly show that this trend adopts eclectic ideas inas far as political values are concerned. Using an analytical and critical method, this paper discusses the legitimacy, structure, rights and duties of Kargozaran party in theory and practice.

 

Key words: Kargozaran party, eclecticism, eclectic thought, political value, legitimacy.